Fiestas y tradiciones de la Comunidad de Madrid


The culture of the community of Madrid is reflected in the festivities and traditions of each of its municipalities that commemorate religious celebrations or historical events that took place over the last seven centuries. Join us for some of the most important festivals in the Madrid Region, where some have been declared feasts of national tourist interest; Motín de Aranjuez and the Romería de la Virgen de Gracia, both taking place in September.

Fiesta de la Vaquilla (February 2nd) (Heifer Festival)

Each February 2nd, Colmenar Viejo celebrates a festivity dating in the 13th century and recalls the ancient livestock task of transporting cattle. The Heifer (vaquilla) is a wooden frame adorned with ribbons, shawls and bells. The Mayor will lead the group, and they will accompany the Heifer with cowbells. Ending with the trophy presentation to participating calves and for the first event of the night, the Heifer is figuratively killed and friends and relatives are invited to drinks that simulate their blood.

More information : Colmenar Viejo

Easter-Chinchón's passion

With a spectacular staging, more than 300 residents of Chinchón represent each Easter, a living Via Crucis around its streets, Plaza Mayor and surroundings. It culminates with the representation of the resurrection in the Church of the Ascension. National tourist interest festival since 1980.

More information: Chinchón

Festivities in honor of Cristo de los Remedios-San Sebastián de los Reyes (28th-3rd September)

From the 28th to the 3rd of September, holidays declared of national tourist interest are celebrated in San Sebastián de los Reyes. Dancing, parades, horse shows, fireworks, floral tributes, capeas... the celebration of these festivals are in honour of the Patrón de la ciudad (patron of the city).

Encierros San Sebastian de los Reyes

The bullfighting festival and its bull runnings are especially important. They are the most important in Spain after the San Fermín.

More information: San Sebastián de los Reyes

Death to Godoy! Festivals of Aranjuez riots

And so the festivities begin, the riots of Aranjuez. This festivity, declared of national tourist interest, takes us back to March 17th, 1808 (although it is held the first week of September), 200 local residents dressed in the time's costumes, to live from the inside, the mutiny of Aranjuez, narrated by Benito Pérez Galdós in the National Episodes and attend to the assault on the House of Godoy.

In addition to the setting in scene and the street theater play, Aranjuez is filled with entertainment: a goyesco market, children's theater, parades, craft workshops, traditional treasure hunt of the Pirates of the Tajo and the also traditional corrida Goyesca with some of the leading figures in bullfighting.

More information: Aranjuez

A pilgrimage in an unique environment

On the second Sunday of September, the Pilgrimage of the Virgen de Gracia takes place, patroness of the Royal site of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, uniting worship and devotion, recover the customs, traditions and folk dances of the mountains of Madrid.

One of its special features is the competition of decorated carts that are part of the Cortejo Romero. The Festival is celebrated in a spectacular setting, the Bosque de La Herrería de San Lorenzo de El Escorial, (forest of the blacksmith of el Escorial) assigned for this purpose by national heritage.

More information: San Lorenzo de El Escorial

And more festivities of regional tourist interest…

Throughout the year in Madrid, we also have other festivities who have reached importance and have been declared Festivals of Regional interest, come and visit them with us.

More information: Fiestas de interés turístico regional en la Comunidad de Madrid

Heifer Festival in Pedrezuela

Every year on January 20th, the quintos of Pedrezuela celebrate the passage from child to adult. The waiters have to raffle the characters of the party: a heifer (frame of wood and cardboard) and two Cowboys, the rest of the group will be the curramaches. The next step is to dress the heifer, which once adorned with sheets, shawls and colour ties; it will strike against the crowd and young girls. The Cowboys will be responsible for directing. Dances and snacks will crown the end of the party.

More information: Fiestas en Pedrezuela

Party of the Maya in El Molar

Receives the spring decorating the altars and intonating "los mayos" of Baroque style. Every first of May, dressed and flowering youngsters offer wine and sweets of the land, requesting money in exchange. All this is accompanied by music and traditional dances of the Maya.

More information: El Molar

Party of the Maya in Colmenar Viejo

Welcoming the awakening of nature in spring, every second day of May, In Colmenar Viejo, young girls are the true protagonists, dressed with flowers and shawls, they head to countrymen seeking money for "la Maya, que es bonita y galana" (the Maya, it is beautiful and pleasing).

More information: Colmenar Viejo

Staging of the apparition of the Holy Christ in Griñón

Popular representation and theatrical adaptation of the appearance of Christ in Griñón. Involved enthusiast and selfless, a team of more than thirty neighbours and other anonymous contributors. Now, more than one thousand visitors come to contemplate the staging that takes place on June 17th.

More information: Griñón

Crossing of the summits in San Lorenzo de El Escorial

Every year, each August 15th, it begins in San Lorenzo de El Escorial and ends at Abantos after traveling 4 summits that surround the area: low brave, Machota Baja, Machota Alta, San Benito and Barranco de la Cabeza. This celebration is a Madrid classic, with a more festive air than competition. It has recently been declared of tourist interest.

More information: San Lorenzo de El Escorial

Procession of the virgen de la Herrería in San Lorenzo de El Escorial

Declared Regional tourist interest, during one week, there is a series of religious events in honor of the virgen de la Herrería of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. The celebration begins the first Sunday of September.

More information: San Lorenzo de El Escorial

Feast of the Caldereta de Hoyo de Manzanares (stew pit)

During the celebration of its Festivities, on the 9th of September, everyone assembles as if in centuries back, at the main square of pit, around the famous cauldrons of Bull stew. This dish was a tradition amongst the farmers and shepherds in Segovia, garlic, oil, brandy and some other ingredient, one of the best kept secrets of the town.

More information: Hoyo de Manzanares

Nuestra Señora de los Santos and San Simón de Rojas in Móstoles

September is a time of celebration and on the 12th of September the festivities of Móstoles are held. The second most populated municipality of our community. The originality and variety of activities are the major attraction of this celebration.

More information: Móstoles

Embarcación of the Virgen de Alarilla in Fuentidueña de Tajo

Following the course of the Tajo River, residents of Fuentidueña carry their Virgin in a fluvial procession. With the falling Sun, it parades, in the light of the torches commemorating the apparition of the Virgin to a shepard of the town. It is held every Saturday on the second weekend of September.

More information: Fuentidueña de Tajo

Cervantine Week in Alcalá de Henares

October 9th marks the anniversary of the birth of Miguel de Cervantes. Throughout a week, Alcalá de Henares dresses with an intense schedule of theatre, music, exhibitions, dance, storytelling, lectures, cervantine gastronomy, etc. So you have no excuse, in October, come to Alcalá. We highlight the Market of Don Quixote, which is the largest seasonal market in Spain, that brings together more than 300,000 people in a place filled with buildings of the 16th century.

More information: Alcalá de Henares

Don Juan at Alcalá

In an incomparable place as is the Palacio Arzobispal of Alcalá de Henares, every year, its inhabitants pay tribute to Don Juan Tenorio (a play by José Zorrilla). On Halloween night, October 31st, the night of Don Juan, multiple events see light in many of its streets.

More information: Alcalá de Henares

Live Nativity play of Buitrago del Lozoya

At the end of the year, Christmas is coming and it is time to come by Buitrago del Lozoya, who celebrates its live Nativity play since 1988 and will interpret different scenes thanks to the more than 200 volunteers who are part of the party. The representation is carried out over around a kilometer and a half of a walled enclosure, which immerses the viewer in the interpreted scenes. A show for the whole family during the second half of December.

More information: Buitrago del Lozoya


From Palm Sunday to Resurrection Sunday, during the whole week, it is tradition that many processions leave the streets in Spain's municipalities and towns. Madrid, being the land of different cultures, shows an Easter holy week of character both in the capital and in the villages of the region.

Madrid, Easter with a traditional touch

Every spring, thousands of people come to witness the different processions which run through the streets of Madrid, and enjoy the environment created with the redoubling of drums and trumpets, and the attractiveness that hundreds of brotherhood members with their colorful costumes offer.

Madrid does not only commemorate the passion, in Easter there are many other parallel cultural events being held. Churches and basilicas, scheduled concerts of sacred music, the different brotherhoods go out with the steps that they have been practicing throughout the year and the best restaurants and pastry shops of the city add special typical Easter dishes to the menu with a traditional touch.

During Easter, the images are decorated with numerous candles, flowers and rich embroidered robes to go to a procession to representative places such as the Paseo del Prado, calle Alcalá and Plaza Mayor. Along its entire route, they are accompanied by dozens of Nazarenes and carried by bearers of the different brotherhoods.

The most important processions are held on Palm Sunday and Holy Wednesday, head to the Paso Del Cristo de la Fe y el Perdón and the path of Nuestro Padre Jesús de la Salud.

The great Madrid Easter days are on Thursday and Friday. These include Jesús del Gran Poder y la Esperanza, and the Jesús Nazareno y la Virgen de la Soledad. Both of them take place on Holy Thursday, as well as the three steps of Jesús of Medinaceli, Holy María of seven sorrows and burial on Friday. On Holy Saturday the brotherhoods of the Virgen Dolorosa and the Procesión de la Soledad.

We must make a special mention to the Procesión del Silencio (procession of silence), the unique atmosphere that is created during the morning of Good Friday, when a large retinue of brothers is arranged in row and dressed in tunics and hoods, solemn they walk through the Madrid streets, where the only noise that breaks the silence of the night is the sound of the footsteps of the Nazarenes unique spectacle which is not usual in the hustle and bustle of the city of Madrid.

Madrid Easter is usually received with sacred music. Churches as representative as the Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Atocha, the parish Church of Nuestra Señora del Perpetuo Socorro or the Royal Church of San Antonio de los Alemanes, host the 'Music and voice for the passion' ('Música y Voz para la Pasión'), cycle with nearly 40 concerts in which admission is uncostly while the seating is free.

Finally, to conclude the easter week and celebrate Resurection Sunday, on a morning full of rhythmic percussion, we are moved to the Plaza Mayor of Madrid, from where a route begins in which numerous members are accompanied by drums and bass drums act as a soundtrack to the commemoration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

More information: Semana Santa de Madrid

And of course, torrijas

As it often happens in many religious celebrations, Madrid Easter is accompanied by the preparation of typical dishes, which, in this case, are deeply linked to the religious duties, but above all, to the tradition. Among the most representative dishes, we can find the sweet "torrija", the soldiers of Pavía (breaded cod and crispy chips), chick-peas stew and cod croquettes. Try the Torrijas with a touch of wine, which has its origin of avoiding the prohibition of drinking alcohol during Easter.

Easter in the community of Madrid

But Easter does not only awaken the zest in Madrid. The community has three festivals during Easter that have been declared festivals of Regional tourist interest, in Morata de Tajuna, Alcalá de Henares and Móstoles. If you don't know them, go and live Easter in three different ways.

The passion of Morata

On Holy Thursday, the town of Morata de Tajuña represents the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus since 1987. 450 people (including actors, Jews, Romans, priests, guards of Sanhedrin, information hostesses, volunteers, civil protection and security, etc.) are distributed on eleven stages throughout the municipality which excites everyone who attends the representation.

Noteworthy are also the activities that take place around the passion of Morata, as the traditional Hebrew craftsman market, the own regional sweets, the "Pasioncitos" performed in bakeries and pastry shops of the village, as well as concerts of Banda Municipal de Morata, the Musical group and sacred music which take place during the day.

More information: Ayuntamiento de Morata de Tajuña

Alcalá de Henares, popular fervor and some typical sweets

From the Friday of passion to Resurrection Sunday, in Alcalá de Henares there is one of the most unique Holy weeks in Madrid is held. A perfect combination of popular fervour and artistic beauty filled with sensations and contrasts the historic centre of Alcalá de Henares. There are eight brotherhoods which run through the city, tradition dating back to the 16th century. Others seem to want to bring us back to the time of the ancient University of the Golden Century, with the colour and costumes of the brotherhood of the Cristo Universitario of the Doctrinos.

You can follow the Route of the processions that offers a unique opportunity to discover monumental environments that run the processions, and put in place, next to the pastry shops of the city, the campaign of Penitentes, a typical chocolate sweet shaped like a hood from Holy week. Try them, they have different and exquisite flavors.

More information: Alcalá de Henares

Móstoles: Easter's colour

The procession of the encounter of Móstoles puts the finishing touch to the Easter Holliday of the community of Madrid. It stands out for its "originality", "colour" and is more than 100 years old, as described in texts of 1908. The Procesión del Encuentro (procession of the meeting) consists of two steps, the resuscitated Christ and of the Virgin of solitude (Virgen de la Soledad). The steps are transported by thirty bearers in the first case and 24 for the second.

Both processions are found in the Plaza of Cuatro Caminos, in that moment the veil that covers the face of the Virgin is uncovered, whose images simulate three greetings before they reunite.

At various points of the route, there are Romero flowery arches that give the characteristic colour, which has led to the Declaration of Regional tourist interest.

More information: Móstoles

Easter in San Lorenzo de El Escorial

The Siete Hermandades make up the Junta de Cofradías (Board of guilds) in Easter of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, which tells a tradition whose origins date back to the time of Felipe II. They are the processions of El Entierro (the burial) and of El Silencio (the silence) (only altered by the roll of the drums), the most prominent among a total of eleven parades. This Festival has also been declared of Regional tourist interest. Accompanying the processions of Easter there are the concerts in churches and cycles in the Auditorium of San Lorenzo.

More information: San Lorenzo de El Escorial

Easter - Torrejón de Ardoz

With the quality of having been declared Regional tourist interest, Easter in Torrejón dates back to the 16th century and is characterized by the artistic worth of the Baroque sculptures that are displayed in its steps. The best known of them all is El Calvario, with images of Christ and our Lady of Sorrows (Cristo y la Dolorosa), attributed to the school of Gregorio Fernández. Another curiosity is the passing of the Sacrament carried by local children.

Más información: Torrejón de Ardoz

Easter - GoodFriday – the passion of Daganzo

If you visit La passion de Daganzo, you will see all the scenes without having to move from your place. It is representated, in a circular arrangement of scenes, allows the Viewer to have 360-degree vision, this is what makes it so peculiar, since there is no need for navigating through the stations to look at it completely. Cross-platform and sets allow its execution. The passion of Daganzo has also been declared of Regional tourist interest.

More information: Daganzo